I have made another attempt to explain the truth in simple English in Plain Truths blog. Some of the readers suggested me to provide some scriptural statements supporting these posts. So, I have written Yoga Vedanta blog that gives references to the words of Lord.

I am currently studying Yoga VaasishTa and make few posts to the blog on wordpress.

Thursday, July 24, 2008

Karma Yoga - Thrid Chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Gita

Om Sri Gurubhyo Namaha.

Lord Sri Krishna explains the importance of Jnana and describes a "Stitha Prajna" - the person who is "established in wholesome knowledge" in the second chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Gita.

Arjuna gets a genuine doubt:
3-1 If the Knowledge is Superior to the Action (Karma) Why the Lord is pushing him to carryout action resulting in lot of killing (the war)?
3-2 Give me a sure single answer through which means I can reach the BLISS.
Thus inquired, Lord Sri Krishna replies:
3-3 In the world they are two paths 1. Jnana Yoga (Samkhya) 2. Karma Yoga (Yoga)
3-4 Perfection is not attained by simply renouncing ACTION alone.
3-5 Everyone is helplessly driven into action by the qualities (gunas) born of nature (prakruti)
3-6 Defines a Hypocrite. Who externally stops action, but mind dwells in the sense objects.
3-7 Defines "karma yoga" and the stress is on the word "asaktaha" - without attachment
3-8 Do the prescribed duties otherwise even maintenance of body is not possible.
3-9 world is bound by action. but, again stress on mukta-sangaha unattachment
3-9 to 13 Importance of performing action as sacrifice
3-14 declares that the creatures of the whole world is arise out of action
3-15 states that the action arises from Brahma and Brahma from the "Akshara" - the imperishable
3-16 Who follows the indriyas (indriya-aramaha) is living uselessly.
3-17,18 Clearly declares There is NO ACTION for the one who rejoices the SELF in SELF.
3-19 Again stress on un-attachment in performing action
3-20 Gives example of Janaka who has achieved perfection through Karma.
3-21 Whatever a great man does the normal people follow the same. So it is important to set the trend of selfless action.
3-22 Lord gives there is nothing for him to do or achieve but engage in action..
3-25 says as the ignorant perform action with attachment in the same way wise perform action without attachment
3-26 warns that the wise people should not create shake-up of the mind in the ignorant (buddhi-bhedam)
3-27 Is a great disclosure - states that ALL ACTION is done by the PRAKRITI born GUNAS. The one who is deluded due to EGO thinks that HE is the DOER.
3-29 Again states that wise men should not unsettle the minds of ignorant who are attached to the work
3-30, 31 clearly states to surrender ALL action to LORD and the one who follows the teaching will be FREED from ACTION.
3-34 states that the love and hate (raga and dvesha) are due to senses and objects and they obstruct the path of a seeker
3-35 stress the importance of SWADHARMA - ones own duty

Then Arjuna rises an important Question of WHY one COMMITS SIN? (3-36)

Lord answers that desire and hate are due to the quality called RAJAS and this rajas is the all-polluting foe - the main ENEMY within. Desire envelopes the wisdom. And asks Arjuna to sly this thing of sin which is the destructive of WISDOM.

Then progressively the mind is superior to the senses, reasoning (buddhi) is superior to mind and The supreme is superior to the buddhi (reason)

3-43 "Thus understanding HIM (the supreme) who is superior to the reason, restraining self by SELF sly thou, O mighty armed!, the enemy in the form of desire difficult to overcome"
with this lord finishes the THIRD Disclosure of Srimad Bhagavad Gita

In a nutshell ALL the action happens on its own due to the Gunas born out of Prakriti. Due to the desire one gets bound to the action. (both good and bad action bind - there is no exception) By performing action as sacrifice leaving everything to the LORD without any attachment one gets freed from ACTION.

Om Tat Sat.

1 comment:

bhattathiri said...

EXCELLANT BLOG. One of the greatest contributions of India to the world is Holy Gita which is considered to be one of the first revelations from God. The management lessons in this holy book were brought in to light of the world by divine Maharshi Mahesh Yogi, Sri Shri.Ravi Shankar and Swami Bodhanandji, and the spiritual philosophy by the great Adi Sankaracharya the greatest philosopher of India and proud son of Kerala, and Sri. Srila Prabhupada Swami and humanism by Mata Amritanandamayi Devi and Satya Sai Baba. Maharishi calls the Bhagavad-Gita the essence of Vedic Literature and a complete guide to practical life. It provides "all that is needed to raise the consciousness of man to the highest possible level." Maharishi reveals the deep, universal truths of life that speak to the needs and aspirations of everyone. Swami Chinmayanandaji preached and educated the people and Swami Sandeep Chaitanyaji continuing the mission by keeping this lantern burning always knowing the wishes of the modern generations. Arjuna got mentally depressed when he saw his relatives with whom he has to fight.( Mental health has become a major international public health concern now). To motivate him the Bhagavad-Gita is preached in the battle field Kurukshetra by Lord Krishna to Arjuna as counseling to do his duty while multitudes of men stood by waiting. Arjuna face the problem of onflict between emotions and intellect . In almost all of the cases, emotions win. Only a very
few people have a conflict-free emotion and intellect. Emotions, are required, for, without them, one is a mere robot. They make life pleasant as long as they are sensible and within limits. It has got all the management tactics to achieve the mental equilibrium and to overcome any crisis situation. The Bhagavad-Gita can be experienced as a powerful catalyst for transformation. Bhagavad-Gita means song of the Spirit, song of the Lord. The Holy Gita has become a secret driving force behind the unfoldment of one's life. In the days of doubt this divine book will support all spiritual searches. This divine book will contribute to self reflection, finer feeling and deepen one's inner process. Then life in the world can become a real education—dynamic, full and joyful—no matter what the circumstance. May the wisdom of loving consciousness ever guide us on our journey? What makes the Holy Gita a practical psychology of transformation is that it offers us the tools to connect with our deepest intangible essence and we must learn to participate in the battle of life with right knowledge?. It shows us the path to handle the situation with equipoise mind irrespective of what comes our way and reminds us time and again, that what the right action is.

The Holy Gita is the essence of the Vedas, Upanishads. It is a universal scripture applicable to people of all temperaments and for all times. It is a book with sublime thoughts and practical instructions on Yoga, Devotion, Vedanta and Action. It is profound in thought and sublime in heights of vision. It brings peace and solace to souls that are afflicted by the three fires of mortal existence, namely, afflictions caused by one's own body (disease etc), those caused by beings around one ( e.g. wild animals, snakes etc.), and those caused by the gods (natural disasters, earth-quakes, floods etc).

Mind can be one's friend or enemy. Mind is the cause for both bondage and liberation. The word mind is derived from man to think and the word man derived from manu (Sanskrit word for man).

"The Supreme Lord is situated in everyone's heart, O Arjuna, and is directing the wanderings of all living entities, who are seated as on a machine, made of the material energy."

There is no theory to be internalized and applied in this psychology. Ancient practices spontaneously induce what each person needs as the individual and the universal coincide. The work proceeds through intellectual knowledge of the playing field ( jnana yoga), emotional devotion to the ideal (bhakti yoga) and right action that includes both feeling and knowledge (karma yoga). With ongoing purification we approach wisdom. The Bhagavad-Gita is a message addressed to each and every human individual to help him or her to solve the vexing problem of overcoming the present and progressing towards a bright future. Within its eighteen chapters is revealed a human drama. This is the experience of everyone in this world, the drama of the ascent of man from a state of utter dejection, sorrow and total breakdown and hopelessness to a state of perfect understanding, clarity, renewed strength and triumph. May the wisdom of loving consciousness ever guide us on our journey. What makes the Holy Gita a practical psychology of transformation is that it offers us the tools to connect with our deepest intangible essence, and we must learn to participate in the battle of life with right knowledge.
"Freed from attachment, fear and anger, absorbed in Me, and taking refuge in Me, purified by the penance of knowledge, many have attained union with My Being." (Gita 4:10)

Mind is very restless, forceful and strong, O Krishna, it is more difficult to control the mind than to control the wind ~ Arjuna to Sri Krishna